This week’s entry should wrap up the additional construction photos on the William & Mary bookstand from the November Arts and Mysteries column in Popular Woodworking Magazine.
Given the number of photos still remaining for me to post, I think this blog entry is going to be more of a photo essay than a written step by step set of instructions (ok, you can stop cheering now). So, let’s get to it because we have lots of ground to cover. I’m adding minimal captions with the photos just so the post doesn’t go so long you’ll still be reading when next week’s entry comes out (which will be the beginning of how I aged and finished the bookstand). If you’re confused by the placement of the captions (I know I am…Wordpress isn’t caption friendly…or at least to the average woodworker it isn’t.), hover over the picture and the number goes with the caption. Simple, isn’t it?
Now that I said I would keep the captions to a minimum, I’m going to start off with a longer one. We left off on last week’s postwith a brief discussion about the surface left behind on the cutout aprons of the outer frame. At this point we need to discuss the surface of the flat portions of the aprons. On the original piece the interior surfaces were left right off the plane. This included any tear out that might have occurred during the facing process. The top edges and outside surfaces were originally left hand planed but had been polished over the years both from use and from refinishing. To a minor extent the interior surfaces also showed evidence that they too might have received some sanding or polishing over the years but the tools marks were still clearly evident. When I say “tool marks” I mean there are still slight variations, and irregularities in the surface. For those of you out there using hand planes that are trying to get an absolutely dead flat, smooth surface…if you’re trying to reproduce period furniture, in most instances, you’re going too far. This certainly hold true for the majority of interior surfaces as well as surfaces that face the floor and/or wall. Most of the time those surfaces were scrub planed and left or fore planed (with a slight camber on the blade) and left. If you’re trying to make your bookstand look like it was made 300 years ago, now is not the time for you to set your plane mouth to 1/64″ and attempt to take those gossamer shavings. End of first long winded caption.
(Caption 2) The next thing I did was take my book support rails and layout my mortises. Yep, the mortises are in the rails not the stiles…
(Caption 3) Once laid out, off to the mortiser.
(Caption 4) Layout the bottom rail cut out for the round tenons and layout the tenons while you’re at it.
(Caption 5) Everything dry assembled with the mortises cutout on the book support frame rails.
(Caption 8 ) Nick the corners of the tenons before rounding.
(Caption 10) Ease the bottom edge of the bottom rail with a hand plane. You can actually round off the front bottom edge pretty heavily so it doesn’t bind on the outer frame.
(Caption 11) Drill the support frame stiles for the pivot tenons.
(Caption 12) Transfer the marks for the tenon on the pivot leg. I use the same method to transfer the marks for the support frame stiles as well.
(Caption 16) Layout the taper on the pivot leg. Cut the taper with a handsaw or on the bandsaw.
(Caption 18 & 19) Here we are back at surface preparation. Since we used a saw to cut out the sawtooth, we need to remove the saw marks (that sounds confusing even to me). First I slice the vertical surfaces of the sawtooth, then I slice the angled surfaces with a sharp, wide chisel. This leave a clean, tooled surface.
(Caption 20) Make sure when you assemble the outer frame that you’ve installed the bottom rail of the book support frame. It’s not really possible to put it in AFTER you’ve assembled the frame.
(Caption 21) Once you have the outer frame, with the bottom rail of the book support frame, assembled you need to check it for square. It’s also a good idea to make sure the frame is flat. If it isn’t flat when you place it on a flat surface, you may need to clamp it down and possible shim the corners to get it to lay flat once it’s dry.
(Caption 22) Once you’ve assembled the book support frame, make sure it too is square and flat.
Between the photos in this and the last post as well as the article in the magazine, you should have a pretty good idea how this little piece goes together. If not, sign up for the class I’m running on this piece in 2011 by clicking here. This is a pretty good project for the beginning woodworker and the experienced woodworker alike. I hope you enjoy it as much as I did.
Next week’s blog post will begin the aging process. See you then.