In the past 150 years the building of furniture has changed. Not the designs. Yes, during those years we’ve travelled through Victorian (a period that few woodworkers even acknowledge let alone reproduce), Arts & Crafts (including Stickley, Greene & Greene and Mackintosh), and contemporary designs (Esherick, Maloof and Krenov), but for the most part, designs brought forth during the times of Chippendale, Queen Anne, Federal and Shaker continue to stand strong.
What about joinery? It hasn’t changed much either. Mortise and tenons and dovetails are still considered the best techniques to join wood.
What have made the biggest changes to furniture making are the wood … and today’s HVAC … and how the two interact.